Episode 024 - The Principles Of Exercise Never Change, But The Tactics Do

Episode 024 – The Principles of Exercise Never Change, But The Tactics Do

This episode is for you if you are working towards your principles of exercise exam, or if you are already qualified and lack confidence in planning.

Today, Neale and I explore how the Principles of Exercise Never Change, but the tactics do.

FitPros often feel overwhelmed by the amount of choice available in planning. They feel confused and often rely on TACTICS.

Tactics are the HOW you do something – so the exercises, the training systems, the fad, the specific mode of exercise

Whereas Principles are the underlying rules, variables and foundations that underpin your knowledge

You can compare this to an iceberg,

The tip of the iceberg (above the surface) is the section that you can see. It is the tactics. From a client’s point of view, it is easy to see what tactics are the only part of programming, as they can only see the exercises or the equipment.

Under the surface, the Principles of Exercise, make up the bulk of the Iceberg. These are the aspects of planning that will actually get the result with a client.

After this episode, you will be able to recognize 4 key Principles of Exercise, and understand the value of focusing on principles of tactics.

Click the PLAY button below to listen to the entire episode

Episode 024 - The Principles Of Exercise Never Change, But The Tactics Do

Grab the FitPro Sessions Podcast show notes:


1:00 Introduction to Episode 024 of the FitPro Sessions Podcast
1:30 The Principles never change but the tactics do
4:00 The problem with relying on the tactics, and how this affects your ability to plan and get a result
7:00 From a client point of view, it looks like the tactics
7:20 The iceberg of the tactics and the principles of exercise
11:00 Shifting the focus to the principles and guarantee a RESULT
12:00 The importance of goals and SMART
13:00 What are the Principles of Exercise
15:00 Principles of Exercise apply to all MODES
17:30 FOUR Key Principles of Exercise:
17:30 number 1 – know the effects of exercise
18:20 number 2 – know the components of fitness
23:30 number 3 – know the four variables of FITT
28:50 number 4 – know how to change intensity
34:00 Download Mock Questions To Test Your Knowledge
36:00 The 7 modules inside the Principles of Exercise exam
40:00 Our L2 Principles of Exercise Revision Mastery Bootcamp

Four Key Principles of Exercise

1. Effect Of Exercise

It’s crucial to know the effect of exercise on your client and link this to the physiological adaptation you want to see in your client.

This means you need to be laser light focused on the goal, and you also need to know your Anatomy and Physiology inside out.

2. Components of Fitness

You need to know the components of fitness and make sure that you are encouraging your client to target all 5 components throughout their training.

  • Cardiovascular
  • Muscular Strength
  • Muscular Endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Body composition

On top of these 5 components of health related fitness, you also need to be aware of a further 6 components of Motor fitness:

Speed, power, agility, coordination, balance, reaction times

3. Variables

You need to know the key variables and understand that you can adapt these over time to offer progression and regression

the key 4 variables are:

  • Frequency
  • Intensity
  • Time
  • Type

You can focus on changing one of these every week to offer basic progression to any clients programme/ series of classes.

4. Changing Intensity

As a FitPro (including Pilates and Yoga) You need to know how to change intensity, especially on muscular strength and endurance exercises. This means you can continue to offer progression to your client and achieve OVERLOAD.

Which is the only way to guarantee a long term result?

Changing intensity is not just about RESISTANCE. There are 6 variables, and we call these the 5R’s and 1 V:

  • Resistance
  • Repetitions
  • Range
  • Rate
  • Rest
  • Volume

Test Your Knowledge of Principles of Exercise

Test your knowledge with these 3 Mock Questions, check your answers below and then download more mock question using the link below:

1.Which of the following is not classed a component of fitness:
A. Cardiovascular
B. Muscular Strength
C. Core Stability
D. Flexibility

2. How can you reduce the intensity of an exercise?
A. Increase Resistance
B. Reduce Rest
C. Increase Range of Motion
D. Reduce Range of Motion

3. Which of the following is a component of motor fitness:
A. Power
B. Flexibility
C. Muscular Strength
D. Muscular Endurance

Download More Principles of Exercise Mock Questions For Free Here:


Fitness Exam Mock Questions free download

Check Your Answers:
1 = C
2 = D
3 = A

Need More Help with your Principles of Exercise Exam?

Discover How 6500+ Fitpros In Training Are Walking Into Their Exam With Confidence And Guaranteeing A Pass

Are you tired of staring at your manual and not knowing where to start?

Our revision mastery bootcamp breaks everything down into a clear and easy to follow structure.

You can then download the videos to MP3 and MP4 to slice your revision time in half and finally understand the key principles of exercise.

This is not another course with more exams – it HELPS pass the course you’re already enrolled on!

“EVERYTHING You Need To Learn, Revise And Pass Your Level 2 Principles of Exercise Exam”
If you want to get your revision structured, learn everything you need to know and feel confident on exam day, then click the link below:


Dedicated to More

Hayley “Principles of Exercise Never Change” Bergman

Parallel Coaching

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