In this blog, we’ll dissect the above mock question, discuss the anatomy of the pectoralis major and understand In Which Plane Does Most Movement Occur?
Watch the 10-minute training video to unpick this mock question, and read how to break down the most complex of exam questions
Dynamic Stretching and Planes of Movement Mock Question Dissection: Watch Now
When tackling any mock question there are 5-Steps to follow and one unwritten rule.
The unwritten rule…
Make sure you have learned the topic before practicing any mock questions about it.
There is little to no point in tackling a mock question without having learned the topic. That would be like going into your final exam having done no revision and expecting to pass. Mock questions on their own teach us a very specific answer to a very specific question. To which the mock question will not appear in your final exam.
Testing yourself is a key part of the revision process, and is part of our Revision Mastery Bootcamps, but the mock questions are the last part of the process. It is revision station 5 of 5 in our Revision bootcamps.
Notice there are 4 revision stations that precede testing yourself. You can learn about all 5 revision stations here…
The KINGS FORMULA – 5 Steps to reading an exam question
I mentioned above about 5-Steps to follow when tackling fitness exam questions.
I want to introduce you to the K.I.N.G.S. formula, which is a 5 step process to follow for EVERY single exam question.
Make sure to practice this K.I.N.G.S. formula in advance of exam day.
You’ll soon notice how much calmer you remain during the exam, allowing you to get the best possible score.
Start by covering up all the suggested answers to your multiple-choice question.
You can use blue-tac and plain paper on your computer screen or tablet.
Next, let’s break down K.I.N.G.S.
K = Keywords (what are the keywords and phrases in the question)
I = I know (what do I know about these keywords)
N = Necessity (re-read the question, what does it NEED you to know)
G = Guess (without looking at the answers have a guess)
S = Sample the answers. Reveal the multiple-choice answers and select the one that links based on the work above (K.I.N.G.)
Let’s do apply the KINGS formula to today’s mock question:
Q: When Performing A Dynamic Stretch For The Pectoralis Major, In Which Plane Does Most Movement OccurComment Below with what you think the answer is
A = Longitudinal
B = Transverse
C = Frontal
D = Anterior -Posterior
Step 1 = K
“Dynamic Stretch”, “Pectoralis Major”, ” Plane “
Step 2 = I
List what you (I) know about each of the keywords. Ask:
- What do I know about dynamic stretching?
- Where is the Pectoralis Major?
- Where does the Pectoralis Major originate and insert?
- What joint does it cross?
- What action(s) occurs when the Pectoralis Major contracts and relaxes?
- What planes and axis of movement do those joint actions occur within?
Step 3 = N
Re-read the question, what do you Need to know.
This way you refocus on the specifics of the question and avoid any confusion bought about by the potential 4 answers. (Remember these are still covered up). In this question, you NEED to know the plane of motion that the shoulder joint moves in to stretch the pectoralis major.
Step 4 = G
Guess… Based on re-reading the question and on what you know about the keywords… guess what you think the answer HAS to be before viewing the 4 possible answers. What do you think the answer will be? If you know the joint action is horizontal flexion and extension, then you know is must be the transverse plane.
NOTE: If you feel lost at this point – watch the video above and ill talk you through it all
Step 5 = S
Reveal the 4 Sample answers. The guess you made will be there, and that is the answer you chose
In the case of this mock question, the answer would be…
B= Transverse Plane.
Using the K.I.N.G.S. formula gets quicker the more you practice it.
So your next logical step is… learn all 8 modules in the anatomy and physiology section of your course
(you could use the Revision Mastery Bootcamps for this)
and then test yourself using mock questions… at the same time practice using the K.I.N.G.S. formula so come exam day you are confident in both your knowledge and the exam.
I recently recorded a short K.I.N.G.S. formula webinar with Neale. It’s 24-minutes long and you can access it for FREE here >>>https://parallelcoaching.co.uk/how-to-unpick-tough-fitness-exam-mock-questions
What I love most about today’s video training and blog…
Together we’ve taken a mock question and dissected it.
Meaning we’ve learned more about a specific topic compared to simply selecting the right answer and moving on. This way you become tons more confident in your knowledge ready for your exam day.
But also tons more confident in your ability to plan and deliver training sessions.
As I mentioned in the video training above…
Your FITPRO career and client success hinge on your anatomy and physiology knowledge.
Understanding anatomy is learning all the parts of the body… in the above mock question we dissected the Pectoralis Major (not literally)
Then learning the physiology of the Pectoralis Major opened up a conversation of:
- Joint actions
- Planes of movement
- Axis of movement
- Muscle Origins and Insertions
It’s only through knowing this knowledge can you safely go on and design a client session.
In the case of the above mock question the exercise related to dynamic stretching.
Please consider, that you can’t plan a dynamic stretch, or any exercise for that matter…
If you don’t know the anatomical or physiological features a given exercise places on the body… then you can’t justify why you have planned for it.
1) The K.I.N.G.S. formula helps you unpick the toughest of exam questions.
2) Learn the content and then test yourself.
3) Anatomy and physiology are the backbones of your FITPRO success.
4) Practice using the K.I.N.G.S. formula in your revision so come exam day you are confident and knowledgeable.
5) Use the Revision Mastery Bootcamps to learn, revise and pass your exam the first time or next time… learn more here:
Test your knowledge with today’s plane of movement mock questions:
[NOTE: The answers are below the 3rd questions]
Q1: Which exercise occurs predominantly in the Frontal plane of movement?
A. Dumbbell Pec Fly
B. Russian Twist
C. Dumbbell Lateral Raise
D. Dumbell Frontal Raise
Q2: Which of the following dynamic stretches occurs in the transverse plane?
A. Chest – open and close pec fly action
B. Leg swings forward and backward
C. Alternate side lunges
Q3: Which plane of motion is predominantly used in the squat?
Answers to the mock questions are :
Question 1= C, Question 2 = A, Question 3 = C
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Dedicated to More
Hayley “Dynamic Stretch For The Pectoralis Major” Bergman