Anatomy Quiz Muscles of the Leg

Anatomy Quiz – Muscles of the Leg

This Anatomy Quiz blog will test your knowledge of the Muscles of the leg, and help you refresh your knowledge in preparation for your Level 2 and 3 Anatomy exams.

You’ll discover:

  • The information you need to know about the Quadriceps, Hamstrings, Gastrocnemius, Adductors, and Abductors
  • A summary of all muscles of the legs
  • Four Anatomy Quiz Questions and answers to test your knowledge

The majority of muscles in the leg are considered long muscles, in that they stretch great distances.

As these muscles contract and relax, they move skeletal bones to create movement in the body.

Smaller muscles help the larger muscles, stabilize joints, help rotate joints, and facilitate other fine-tuned movements.

The largest muscle masses in the leg are present in the thigh and the calf.

Quadriceps Muscles:

The muscles that make up the quadriceps are the strongest of all muscles in the body. These four muscles at the front of the thigh are the major extensors (help to extend the leg straight) of the knee.

They are:

  • Vastus lateralis, 
  • Vastus medialis, 
  • Vastus intermedius, 
  • Rectus femoris

Hamstring Muscles:

The hamstrings are three muscles at the back of the thigh that affect hip and knee movement. They begin under the gluteus maximus behind the hipbone and attach to the tibia at the knee. They are:

  • Biceps femoris, 
  • Semimembranosus, 
  • Semitendinosus

Calf Muscles:

The calf muscles are pivotal to the movement of the ankle, foot, and toes. Some of the major muscles of the calf include:

  • Gastrocnemius (calf muscle)
  • Soleus

Possibly the most important tendon in terms of mobility is the Achilles tendon. This important tendon in the back of the calf and ankle connects the plantaris, gastrocnemius, and soleus muscles to the heel bone. It stores the elastic energy needed for running, jumping, and other physical activities.

Adductors and Abductors:

The Adductors are responsible for drawing the leg into the midline and make up the muscles of the inner thigh.

The Adductors are Anatagonist to the Abductor Muscles which spread across the outside of the bum and upper thigh. These are responsible for abducting the leg, or opening the leg at the hip.

In summary

  • The Quadriceps are on the front of the thigh and create Knee Extension
  • The Hamstrings are on the back of the thigh and create Knee Flexion
  • The Adductors are on the inside of the thigh and create Hip Adduction
  • The Abductors are on the outside of the thigh/butt and create Hip Abduction
  • Check out the 4 Mock Questions Below to check your knowledge
  • Here’s what Lydia had to say about the A&P Revision Bootcamp 👇 👇 👇

I can’t recommend Parallel Coaching enough their learning material is fantastic and definitely was a huge factor in me passing my A&P level 3!


Test your knowledge with today’s Anatomy Quiz : Muscles of the Leg

[NOTE: The answers are below the 4th question]

Q1) Label the Quadriceps Muscles below

Quadriceps with labels

Q2) List the three muscles that make up the Hamstring Complex

Q3) Label the Adductor Muscles, including the Pectineus, Gracilis, Adductor Longus, Adductor Brevis and Adductor Magnus

Adductor uscles

Q4) Which Muscle group is responsible for Knee Flexion?

Now you have answered your Anatomy Quiz, check out the answers below to see how you scored…

▼▼▼Scroll down to see your answers ▼▼▼


Anatomy Quiz Answers


Quadriceps with labels1 .jpg

Q2) Bicep Femoris,  Semi-membranosis and Semi-tendinosis



Q4) The Hamstring group are responsible for Knee Flexion

If you want more mock questions like this, then you can download more Free Mock Questions: DOWNLOAD NOW

How to learn orgins and insertions?

Learn, Revise & Remember All 50 Muscles In The Level 3 Anatomy & Physiology Exam.

(and the BEST part…You can do all this in as little as 5-minutes a day)

Each flashcard gives you a clear image and six clear muscle facts:

  •  Name and Location
  •  Origin and Insertions
  •  Muscle Actions
  •  Joints Crossed
  •  Primary Planes Of Movement
  •  Exercise Examples

Dedicated to More

Hayley “Anatomy Quiz” Bergman

Parallel Coaching

P.S. You can also find us on the following platforms:
Instagram: Follow Now
Facebook: Like Our Page
Twitter: Tweet Us
YouTube: Subscribe Here
More Muscle Revision Blogs: HERE