This Anatomy Quiz blog will test your knowledge of the Muscles of the leg, and help you refresh your knowledge in preparation for your Level 2 and 3 Anatomy exams.
- The information you need to know about the Quadriceps, Hamstrings, Gastrocnemius, Adductors, and Abductors
- A summary of all muscles of the legs
- Four Anatomy Quiz Questions and answers to test your knowledge
The majority of muscles in the leg are considered long muscles, in that they stretch great distances.
As these muscles contract and relax, they move skeletal bones to create movement in the body.
Smaller muscles help the larger muscles, stabilize joints, help rotate joints, and facilitate other fine-tuned movements.
The largest muscle masses in the leg are present in the thigh and the calf.
The muscles that make up the quadriceps are the strongest of all muscles in the body. These four muscles at the front of the thigh are the major extensors (help to extend the leg straight) of the knee.
- Vastus lateralis,
- Vastus medialis,
- Vastus intermedius,
- Rectus femoris
The hamstrings are three muscles at the back of the thigh that affect hip and knee movement. They begin under the gluteus maximus behind the hipbone and attach to the tibia at the knee. They are:
- Biceps femoris,
The calf muscles are pivotal to the movement of the ankle, foot, and toes. Some of the major muscles of the calf include:
- Gastrocnemius (calf muscle)
Possibly the most important tendon in terms of mobility is the Achilles tendon. This important tendon in the back of the calf and ankle connects the plantaris, gastrocnemius, and soleus muscles to the heel bone. It stores the elastic energy needed for running, jumping, and other physical activities.
Adductors and Abductors:
The Adductors are responsible for drawing the leg into the midline and make up the muscles of the inner thigh.
The Adductors are Anatagonist to the Abductor Muscles which spread across the outside of the bum and upper thigh. These are responsible for abducting the leg, or opening the leg at the hip.
- The Quadriceps are on the front of the thigh and create Knee Extension
- The Hamstrings are on the back of the thigh and create Knee Flexion
- The Adductors are on the inside of the thigh and create Hip Adduction
- The Abductors are on the outside of the thigh/butt and create Hip Abduction
- Check out the 4 Mock Questions Below to check your knowledge
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Test your knowledge with today’s Anatomy Quiz : Muscles of the Leg
[NOTE: The answers are below the 4th question]
Q1) Label the Quadriceps Muscles below
Q2) List the three muscles that make up the Hamstring Complex
Q3) Label the Adductor Muscles, including the Pectineus, Gracilis, Adductor Longus, Adductor Brevis and Adductor Magnus
Q4) Which Muscle group is responsible for Knee Flexion?
Now you have answered your Anatomy Quiz, check out the answers below to see how you scored…
▼▼▼Scroll down to see your answers ▼▼▼
Anatomy Quiz Answers
Q2) Bicep Femoris, Semi-membranosis and Semi-tendinosis
Q4) The Hamstring group are responsible for Knee Flexion
If you want more mock questions like this, then you can download more Free Mock Questions: DOWNLOAD NOW
How to learn orgins and insertions?
Learn, Revise & Remember All 50 Muscles In The Level 3 Anatomy & Physiology Exam.
(and the BEST part…You can do all this in as little as 5-minutes a day)
Each flashcard gives you a clear image and six clear muscle facts:
- Name and Location
- Origin and Insertions
- Muscle Actions
- Joints Crossed
- Primary Planes Of Movement
- Exercise Examples
Dedicated to More
Hayley “Anatomy Quiz” Bergman