What Is Blood Pooling - Level 2 Fitness Exam Mock Question

What Is Blood Pooling? Level 2 Fitness Exam Mock Question

This blog will teach you all about Blood Pooling in preparation for your Level 2 Fitness Exams.

You’ll discover:

  • What blood pooling is
  • What is Venous Return?
  • Key Symptoms associated with Blood Pooling
  • Key Causes of Blood Pooling in Exercise
  • Why you need to know about Blood Pooling ready for your Level 2 Fitness Exam
  • An Example Mock Question about Blood Pooling

What is blood pooling?

Blood pooling is a condition where blood gathers in the lower limb (legs) for a number of reasons including exercise.

When blood gathers in a blood vessel it places excess stress on the small non-return valves that prevent the blood from being drawn back down to the feet due to the effect of gravity.

These non-return valves in the veins have an important part to play in ensuring that blood returns to the heart effectively.

This is called venous return.  

Said differently…

While the heart pumps blood through the arteries, the veins depend on muscles contracting (squeezing) to move blood upward to the heart.

Valves in the veins keep blood from flowing backward.

The image above shows that when leg muscles contract they squeeze the veins and push the blood back towards the heart.

The image also shows that veins have valves that prevent the back-flow of blood. These are like the valves in the siphon pumps. They let fluid pass in one direction only.

The Causes of Blood Pooling

In terms of exercise, if you have been working at an intensive level and fail to cool down effectively, this will result in the build-up of blood in the limbs.

It is advised that you do some form of rhythmical exercise for 3 to 5 minutes at a low intensity with the aim of lowering the heart rate to 110bom or below.  

This allows the various systems of the body to return the blood back to the heart.  

This can also be aided by a full stretching routine and partner stretches can be great for this as gravity will help to return the blood back to the heart.

The Symptoms of Blood Pooling

During Blood Pooling the blood stays in the lower limbs, this means the heart may not fill before each contraction, this often leads to a dizzy and faint feeling.

Your vision may blur and you may start to sweat. You can feel cold or clammy and may not think straight.

For these reasons, it is very important that you take part in a full structured cooldown appropriate to the session.

Did You Know?

Strenuous exercise can increase the amount of blood the heart pumps out from 5 liters (1.3 gallons) per minute to 30 liters (8 gallons) per minute.

Blood Pooling will come up in your Level 2 anatomy and physiolopgy exam, You can learn everything about The Heart and Circulatory System in this FREE Video training

Level 2 Revision: The Heart and Circulatory System

Why is blood pooling included in your Level 2 Anatomy and Physiology Exam?

Having knowledge of this will allow you to gain a greater understanding of safe and effective client sessions.

Applying this understanding of blood pooling to your session planning means that your clients are less likely to feel dizzy, sick or unwell on your sessions.

Which means they leave your session feeling great and ready to come back next time.

In summary

  • Blood pooling is a condition where blood gathers in the lower limb
  • The non-return valves in the veins have an important part to play in ensuring that blood returns to the heart effectively.
  • This often leads to a dizzy and faint feeling.
  • A full structured cool down is key to avoiding dizziness
  • Here’s what Karen had to say about the A&P Revision Mastery Bootcamp 👇 👇 👇

Test your knowledge about Blood Pooling with today’s mock question:

[The answer to this question is at the bottom of this blog]

📣 MQ: Which of the following is a direct symptom of blood pooling following sudden cessation of intense exercise❓

👉a. Heart arrhythmias
👉b. High blood pressure
👉c. Dizziness/feeling faint
👉d. Hyperventilation

What’s the CORRECT answer?


The Correct Answer is C = Dizziness/feeling faint Find out why, by reading the rest of the blog below...

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If you want to get your revision structured, learn everything you need to know and feel confident on exam day, then click the link below:


Dedicated to More

Hayley “Blood Pooling” Bergman

Parallel Coaching

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