What Is Blood Pooling - Level 2 Fitness Exam Mock Question

What Is Blood Pooling? Level 2 Fitness Exam Mock Question

As part of the Level 2 Fitness Exams, (The A&P and Principles of Exercise exams), you need to know what is blood pooling and about the effect of exercise on the heart and circulatory system. Tackle today’s mock questions below and read on for a detailed answer and an explanation about blood pooling in relation to safe exercise instruction.

๐Ÿ“ฃ Q: Which of the following is a direct symptom of blood pooling following sudden cessation of intense exerciseโ“

๐Ÿง Level 2 + 3 Anatomy & Physiology Mock Question ๐Ÿง

๐Ÿ“ฃ Q: Which of the following is a direct symptom of blood pooling following sudden cessation of intense exerciseโ“

๐Ÿ‘‰a. Heart arrhythmias ๐Ÿ‘‰b. High blood pressure

๐Ÿ‘‰c. Dizziness/feeling faint ๐Ÿ‘‰d. Hyperventilation

What’s the CORRECT answer? Go…

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Answer

The Correct Answer is C = Dizziness/feeling faint

Find out why, by reading the rest of the blog below...

What is blood pooling?

Blood pooling is a condition were blood gathers in the lower limb (legs), there can be for a number of reasons however, it can be caused by exercise.

When this blood gathers in a blood vessel it places excess stress on the small values that prevent the blood from being drawn back down to the feet due to the effect of gravity.

These non-return valves in the veins have an important part to play in ensuring that blood returns to the heart effectively.

This is called venous return.  

Said differently…

While the heart pumps blood through the arteries, the veins depend on muscles contracting (squeezing) to move blood upward to the heart.

Valves in the veins keep blood from flowing backwards.

The image shows that when leg muscles contract they squeeze the veins and push the blood back towards the heart. The image also shows that veins have valves that prevent the back flow of blood. These are like the valves in the siphon pumps. They let fluid pass in one direction only.

Further Reading

Here another Parallel Coaching blog to HELP:
When Is Blood Pressure Too High To Train?

In terms of exercise, if you have been working at an intensive level and fail to cool down effectively and fully, this will result in the build-up of blood in the limbs.  

This means that the heart may not fill before each contraction, this often leads to a dizzy and faint feeling. Your vision may blur and you may start to sweat. You can feel cold or clammy and may not think straight.

For these reasons, it is very important that you take part in a full structured cooldown appropriate to the session.

Did You Know?

Strenuous exercise can increase the amount of blood the heart pumps out from 5 liters (1.3 gallons) per minute to 30 liters (8 gallons) per minute.

It is advised that you do some form of rhythmical exercise for 3 to 5 minutes at a low intensity with the aim of lowering the heart rate to 110bom or below.  

This allows the various systems of the body to return the blood back to the heart.  This can also be aided by a full stretching routine and partner stretches can be great for this as gravity will help to return the blood back to the heart.

This is why you MUST know your Anatomy & Physiology inside and out!

The application of A&P to actually training your clients only leads to one place…

Super safe, effective, fun results based sessions.

In summary

  • Blood pooling is a condition were blood gathers in the lower limb
  • These non-return valves in the veins have an important part to play in ensuring that blood returns to the heart effectively.
  • This often leads to a dizzy and faint feeling.
  • a full structured cool down is key to reducing and avoiding blood pooling
  • Here’s what Karen had to say about the A&P Revision Mastery Bootcamp ๐Ÿ‘‡ ๐Ÿ‘‡ ๐Ÿ‘‡

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