What are the 3 anatomical planes of movement?

What are the three anatomical planes of movement?

What are the three anatomical planes of movement? are you revising

This is a typical  question I get asked a lot

from learners completing their level 2 anatomy and physiology exam or their level 3 A & P exam.

This topic can pretty much be guaranteed to appear in both exams.

So it makes sense to score some early marks on what is quite simply a straight forward topic.

I’m sure you’d agree

[Note: Check out the knowledge bombs below and the short video].

Anatomical Planes of Movement

Anatomical plans are super relevant for both your anatomy and physiology exam, but also for your PT practical and when working with clients post course.

Once you truly understand these 3 anatomical planes of movement your overall gym programming goes to the next level.

You could say supercharging your client results, simply by knowing this topic!What are the three anatomical planes of movement?

Once you now the 3 anatomical planes, you can easily analyse your clients daily movements and sporting movements so you can plan a specific progression for towards your clients goal.  See, most people live life using just one plane a time.  However, life requires us to move across all three planes constantly.  For example, think about the simple move of getting into a car seat or moving around the office? You cross all three planes all the time.

Typically in the gym, we spend most of our time training in one plane of movement.  for example, a bicep curl is just within the sagittal plane and a squat is also sagittal, and running…. in fact we spend a lot of time training sagittally.

If we do not train across all three planes, we increase the risk of injury even when completing basic tasks! I’m sure you know someone that has injured their back when getting washing out the washing machine for example.

As a personal trainer, knowing these 3 anatomical planes of movements stands you in good stead to support your clients movements patterns and work smart towards their training goals.

Movement can be divided into three planes… I’m sure you know that by now…

Planes are imaginary flat surfaces, each at ninety degrees to the others, along which movement can only take place.

Plane of movement 1: The sagittal plane

The sagittal plane divides the body into left and right. Movements that occur in the sagittal plane are flexion, extension and hyper-extension. This includes exercises such as biceps curl, leg press of abdominal crunches.

Plane of movement 2: The frontal plane

The frontal plan divides our body into front and back. The anatomical term for the front portion is anterior and the back portion is posterior. Movements that occur in the frontal plane are adduction and abduction. This includes exercises such asjumping jacks’ or dumbbell lateral raises.

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Plane of movement 3: The transverse plane

The transverse plane runs through the body at waist level parallel to the ground and separates the body into top and bottom. Rotational movement occurs within this plane. This includes exercises such as trunk rotations or head rotations. Horizontal flexion/ extension also occurs in the transverse plane, for example when performing lying dumbbell flys.

Check out the planes of movement video below, this is taken from the Parallel Coaching revision mastery series.

You can access the revision mastery series instantly, and get life-time access. You get a video and cheat sheet for each of the modules in your Anatomy and Physiology.

It’s not always easy to learn from reading the manual – and most fitpros learn better through video and audio repetition. Each video discusses the subject in detail, but relates it to something you already know, so you can learn quicker and learning can stick in your head. You also get cheat sheets to test yourself on each module.

Anatomy and Physiology revision mastery series << Check it out

TOP TIP: To really make it stick into your head go back over the video and do the movements alongside, to remind yourself how it feels to be moving in each plane of motion.

If you’re serious about passing your A+ P exam first time; LEARN MORE HERE

See you on the inside

Speak soon

Neale ‘all 3 planes’ Bergman

P.S. What is your number 1 head banging A & P subject? Comment Below

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