What are the endocrine System glands - level 3 anatomy and physiology exam revision

What Are The Endocrine System Glands: L3 Anatomy and Physiology Exam

The endocrine system glands are part of the endocrine system and makeup approximately 12% of your Level 3 Anatomy and Physiology exam.

In this blog (and video), you will:

  • Learn The Function of the Endocrine System Glands?
  • Discover a quick way to remember the glands and their location
  • Understand the 3 things you need to know about the endocrine system glands to pass your Level 3 Anatomy and Physiology exam
  • Test Your Knowledge
  • Be invited to learn everything you need to know about the endocrine glands in preparation for your exam

WATCH: What Are The Endocrine System Glands?

What are the endocrine system glands?

What is the function of the Endocrine System?

The endocrine system works with the nervous system to maintain homeostasis or ‘same state’. The peripheral nervous system collects information regarding the state of the body. If it is anything other than a normal steady-state, a signal is sent to the CNS (central nervous system) to make a decision. It is at this point that a signal is sent to the major Endocrine glands so they can secrete the relevant hormones which will restore homeostasis in the body.

What do the Endocrine system glands do?

  • Secrete hormones
  • Help maintain homeostasis

What do the Hormones do?

  • Control key functions of our body
  • Control everything from water levels and metabolism to energy release and fat storage

A quick way to remember the 7 Endocrine Glands

There are many endocrine glands in the body, however for your level 3 Anatomy and Physiology Exam, you need to know about 7 of these. To help you remember all 7 and the approximate location of them, use this acronym.


Imagine a Personal Trainer whose last name is Papot. It may sound random but stay with me here, as it will help you remember them.

The PT PAPOT acronym has one letter for each of the 7 endocrine system glands that you need to know for your exam. They are also in order from highest (most superior) to lowest (most inferior).

What do I need to know for my exam?

In order to be prepared for your exam, you need to know three key areas of information about each of these 7 endocrine glands:

  1. The name and location
  2. The hormones secreted
  3. The role of each hormone

Do you know all 3 key areas?

If you have gaps in your knowledge then we’d like to invite you to simplify your learning and cut out unnecessary revision time using our Revision Mastery Bootcamp

Anatomy and Physiology Level 3 - vary the mode

Test Your Knowledge

Use the following three mock questions to test your knowledge and then check the answers after the final question:

1.Which Endocrine System Gland is located immediately above the Kidneys?

A – Stomach
B – Adrenal
C – Testes
D – Pituitary

2. Which of the following is sometimes referred to as the MASTER of the endocrine glands?

A – Pituitary
B – Testes
C – Pancreas
D – Parathyroid

3. Which hormone is responsible for reducing blood sugar levels?

A – Insulin
B – Glucagon
C – Glycogen
D – Thyroxine

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Q1: = B
Q2: = A
Q3: = A

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