The Level 2 Anatomy exam will usually have 50 questions, of which you can expect 3-8 questions relating to the skeleton. This blog and video will give you a complete breakdown of the skeleton and provide a checklist of what to know for your exam.
However, it is important to know the skeleton to aid muscle attachment knowledge, and also to help with your observation of the client’s posture and technique.
Watch the below 8-minute video to learn what you need to know about the skeleton for your Level 2 Anatomy Exam:
Skeletal System Facts:
Bones provide structure and shape to our bodies.
The adult human skeleton is made up of 206 bones, and babies have 270. There are approx 64 bones that fuse together during the growth cycle of a child.
Axial and Appendicular Skeletal System:
You need to know there are 2 skeletons that make up the whole skeletal system. These are the Axial skeleton and Appendicular skeleton. Learn a simple way to remember this by watching a video about this HERE <<
The AXIAL skeleton includes:
- The cranium,
- The spine,
- The Ribcage,
- The sternum
The APPENDICULAR skeleton includes:
- Shoulder GIrdle: Scapula, Clavicle (left and right of each)
- Pelvic bones: Ilium, Ischium, Pubis (left and right of each)
There are five different types of bone in the human body
- Long bone – has a long, thin shape. Examples include the bones of the arms and legs. With the help of muscles, long bones work as levers to permit movement.
- Short bone – has a square/ cubed shape. Examples include the bones that make up the hand (carpals) and the foot (tarsals).
- Flat bone – has a flattened, broad surface. Examples include ribs, scapula, sternum and skull bones. The flat shape allows for lots of muscle attachment points.
- Irregular bone – has a shape that does not conform to the above three types. Examples include the bones of the spine (vertebrae).
- Sesamoid bone – is a small bone embedded within a tendon, for example, the kneecap (patella). Other examples are found in the hands and feet.
Bones you need to know for the Level 2 Anatomy Exam
The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones, including bones of the:
- Skull – including the jaw bone
- Spine – cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx
- Torso – ribs and breastbone (sternum)
- Arms – shoulder blade (scapula), collar bone (clavicle), humerus, radius, and ulna
- Hands – wrist bones (carpals), metacarpals, and phalanges
- Pelvis – ilium, ischium, and pubis (3 bones each side)
- Legs – thigh bone (femur), the knee cap (patella), shin bone (tibia), and fibula
- Feet – tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges.
Level 2 Anatomy Skeletal System Mock Questions:
Q1. Which of the following is part of the Axial Skeleton?
Q2. Which type of bone are the tarsal bones?
A. Long Bone
B. Sesamoid Bone
C. Short Bone
D. Irregular Bone
Q3. What is the name of the bone in the upper arm?
Answers to the mock questions are :
Question 1= D, Question 2 = C, Question 3 = C
If you want more mock questions like this, then you can download more Free Mock Questions: DOWNLOAD NOW
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Hayley “The Skeleton – What To Learn For Your Level 2 Anatomy Exam” Bergman